Roses

Roses.....the most romantic, intoxication, irresistible and fragrant flowers for the garden.

Roses are mysterious and sensual. Their history is read, studied and memorized by gardeners the world over. Those who make roses their passion are know as Rosarians.

For hundreds of years, rosarians have been selecting, crossing and recrossing native types of roses to create numerous types or classes. If you want to follow the rose and become an expert rosarian, you first must learn the language of the rose. then and only then can you grow into a deeper appreciation and understanding of the rosarians passionate desire to grow them.

When you complete reading this section, you may want to join the American Rose Society. Their address is P. O. Box 30000, Shreveport, LA. 71130-0030 or phone 318-938-5402


The Rose (Rosa)

Of all the flowers on earth, none has been so woven in the hearts of men and history as the rose. The ancient Greeks dedicated the rose to Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty. In Roman times, it became the flower of Venus. During the Middle Ages, roses were grown for both beauty and medicinal purposes. Today, according to poets and balladeers, the rose still stands for womanly perfection and the mysteries of love.

The 150 species of roses and their countless hybid derivatives, valued for their beauty and perfume and sometimes for their bright fruits, have been at the forefront of garden design for of years. The most popular are the hybrid tea roses, which account for virtually all of the cut roses sold by florists. These roses have long, pointed buds that open into beautiful, large, symme- trical blossoms.

Found over most of the northern hemishere, though primarily in the temperate regions, roses are woody stemmed shrubs or scrambling climbers. Almost all are deciduous, and even those regarded as evergreen or semi-evergreen often shed much of their foliage during cold winters. They range from small shrubs under 24 inches tall to the huge spread climbers that can go for more than 100 feet. Roses have trifoliate or pinnate leaves with finelt toothed leaflets. The foliage may be bright green, very deep, almost black green or distinctly blue tinted.

Most species of roses have arching, thorny stems, and both the young stems and new foliage are often tinted red. The thorns of cultivated roses are usually broad based and recurved to a fine point. Some wild species, especially the briars, have a dense covering of prickles rather than thorns.

Garden roses often have semi-double flowers, but that is the result of extensive hybridizing. The species and the less highly developed cultivars most often have single flowers, usually 5-petalled. Flower color among the modern hybrids now covers everything except a true natural blue. The species also have a wide variety of color, but without the flamboyant combinations seen in hybrids. Clusters of brilliant orange or red fruits known as hips sometimes follow the flowers, particulary those of the species or signle flwered hybrids. These add interest in the late summer and fall and can be almost as much a feature as the flowers.

ROSE GLOSSARY

ROSE TIPS

CULTIVATION


ROSE TYPES:

Hybrid Tea Roses Floribundas Grandiflora
Climbers Miniatures Standards